Convergence of Illicit Markets

Convergence of Illicit Markets (The Retail Value of Transnational Crime):

Transnational Crime  [Estimated Annual Value (US$)]:

  • Counterfeiting:  $923 billion to $1.13 trillion
  • Drug Trafficking:  $426 billion to $652 billion
  • Human Trafficking:  $150.2 billion
  • Illegal Logging:  $52 billion to $157 billion
  • IUU Fishing: $15.5 billion to $36.4 billion
  • Illegal Mining: $12 billion to $48 billion
  • Illegal Wildlife Trade: $5 billion to $23 billion
  • Crude Oil Theft:  $5.2 billion to $11.9 billion
  • Small Arms & Light Weapons Trafficking:  $1.7 billion to $3.5 billion
  • Trafficking in Cultural Property:  $1.2 billion to $1.6 billion
  • Organ Trafficking:  $840 million to $1.7 billion

TOTAL: $1.6 trillion to $2.2 trillion 

Source: Global Financial Integrity

2017 Global Financial Integrity, “Transnational Crime and the Developing World,” finds that globally the business of transnational crime is valued at an average of $1.6 trillion to $2.2 trillion annually. The study evaluates the overall size of criminal markets in 11 categories: the trafficking of drugs, arms, humans, human organs, and cultural property; counterfeiting, illegal wildlife crime, illegal fishing, illegal logging, illegal mining, and crude oil theft.

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